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Partnering up for fruiting success

Published June 25, 2016 in


apples www.sabrinahahn.com.au wwwhortwithheart.com.auThere is a lot of confusion around which fruit trees need a partner in order to cross-pollinate and produce fruit. Some trees are self fertile such as citrus, others are partially self fertile like some avocados and almonds, then there are those such as apples and plums that need a different variety that flower at the same time in order to develop fruit.

Confusing I know, but once you have the gist of it all it will be pretty clear. Most nurseries that sell fruit trees will have labels that will tell you of the suitable pollinator plant for that variety.

Self-pollinating fruit trees (meaning you only need one):

All citrus, most figs, apricot, banana, elderberry, guava, loquat, logan, lychee, mango, medlar, mango, mulberry, nectarine, peach, pomegranate and quince.  Avocado could also be included on this list, Hass, Fuerte and Reed as long as you have many bees around to do the pollinating for you.

Partial self pollinating – (meaning it will fruit with only one tree, but often does better with two)

Cherry  (Stella and Sunburst) Feijoas, and astringent Persimmons

Pollinator required 

This applies to almonds, apples, pears, plums, cherries, sapote, custard apple, carob, pawpaw, lychee, and non-astingent persimmons.

Apples 

Variety Pollinators
Cox Orange Pippin Jonathon, Granny Smith
Crimson Crisp Jonathon, Granny Smith, Pixie Crunch
Gala Granny Smith, Pink Lady, Red Delicious, Red Fuji
Golden Delicious Granny Smith, Jonathon, Red Fuji, Red Delicious
Lady Williams Jonathon, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith
Leprechaun Granny Smith Pinkabelle, Gala, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Jonathon
Pink Lady Gala, Red Delicious, Pixie Crunch, Crimson Crunch
Monty’s Surprise Pinkabelle, Gala, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Leprechaun
Pinkabelle Gala, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Leprechaun, Jonathon

Pears 

Variety Pollinators 
Bartlett Buerre Bosc
Buerre Bosc Nijisseiki, Williams, Sensation
Josephine Packham
Packhams Triumph Josephine
Williams Packhams
Sensation Buerre Bosc, Nashi Kosui
Pipsqueak Self pollinating
Nashi Chojuro Nijisseiki
Nashi Kosui Bartlett

Plums 

Variety Pollinators 
Santa Rosa Mariposa
Flavour Rouge Mariposa, can be self fertile
Green Gage Santa Rosa
Marcia’s Flavour Self fertile
Satsuma Mariposa, Santa Rosa, Narrabeen, Ruby Blood
Pizazz Mariposa, FlavourSupreme
Narrabeen Mariposa, Santa Rosa, Satsuma
Gulf Ruby Sunrise Gulf, Santa Rosa
Ruby Blood Mariposa, Santa Rosa, Narrabeen, Wickson

There are many nurseries that specialise in fruit trees where you can obtain all the information on selecting the right tree for your climate, soil type and size of garden. Bare in mind some fruit varieties are better suited to different chill factors so be sure to check if they need a sustained cold winter (high chill) or milder winters (low chill) which have few nights below 5 degrees.

If you cant get enough of Western Australian flora now you can wear it, wipe it, lay it and fill it.

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